Sunday, November 25, 2012

Reigns of the chess champions

 
Reigns of the champions

Leading chess masters before 1886
NameYearCountryApprox. Age
Franci de Castellví
Narcís Vinyoles
Bernat Fenollar
and Francesc Vicent
~1475Armas de Aragón.svg Crown of Aragon

~37
25
Luis Ramirez de Lucena~1490 Spain~25
Pedro Damiano~1520Flag Portugal (1495).svg Portugal~40
Ruy López de Segura1559–1575 Spain19–35
El Morro~1560–1575Flag Portugal (1495).svg Portugal
Leonardo da Cutro1575Flag of the Kingdom of Naples.svg Naples33
Paolo Boi1575Bandiera del Regno di Sicilia 4.svg Sicily47
Giulio Polerio~1580Flag of the Kingdom of Naples.svg Naples~32
Alessandro Salvio~1600Flag of the Kingdom of Naples.svg Naples~30
Gioachino Greco~1620–1634Flag of the Kingdom of Naples.svg Naples~20–34
Pietro Carrera~1640Bandiera del Regno di Sicilia 4.svg Sicily~67
Alexander Cunningham (in Dutch)~1700Scotland Scotland~45
Legall de Kermeur~1730–1745Pavillon LouisXIV.svg France~28–43
François-André Danican Philidor1745–1795Pavillon LouisXIV.svg Flag of France (1790-1794).svg France France19–69
Johann Baptist Allgaier~1795–~1815 Austrian Empire~32–~52
Verdoni~1795–~1804 Italy
France
Jacob Henry Sarratt~1805–~1815United Kingdom United Kingdom (England)~33–~43
Alexandre Deschapelles1815–1821 France35–41
Louis-Charles Mahé de La Bourdonnais1821–1840 France26–45
Alexander McDonnell1834[71]United Kingdom United Kingdom (Ireland)36
Pierre Charles Fournier de Saint-Amant1840–1843France France40–43
Howard Staunton1843–1851United Kingdom United Kingdom (England)33–41
Adolf Anderssen1851–1858 Prussia33–40
Paul Morphy1858–1862 United States21–25
Adolf Anderssen1862–1866 Prussia44–48
Wilhelm Steinitz1866–1878 Austria-Hungary (Bohemia)30–42
Johannes Zukertort1878–1886Germany German Empire (Prussia)36–44

[edit] Undisputed world champions 1886–1993

#NameYearCountryAge
1Wilhelm Steinitz1886–1894 Austria-Hungary (Bohemia Kingdom of Bohemia)
United States
50–58
2Emanuel Lasker1894–1921 German Empire
Weimar Republic
26–52
3José Raúl Capablanca1921–1927 Cuba33–39
4Alexander Alekhine1927–1935
1937–1946
France France
Russia Russian émigré
35–43
45–54
5Max Euwe1935–1937 Netherlands34–36
6Mikhail Botvinnik1948–1957
1958–1960
1961–1963
Soviet Union (RSFSR)37–46
47–49
50–52
7Vasily Smyslov1957–1958 Soviet Union (RSFSR)36
8Mikhail Tal1960–1961 Soviet Union (Latvian SSR)24
9Tigran Petrosian1963–1969 Soviet Union (Armenian SSR)34–40
10Boris Spassky1969–1972 Soviet Union (RSFSR)32–35
11Bobby Fischer1972–1975 United States29–32
12Anatoly Karpov1975–1985 Soviet Union (RSFSR)24–34
13Garry Kasparov1985–1993 Soviet Union (Azerbaijan SSR)
Russia
22–30

[edit] FIDE world champions 1993–2006

NameYearCountryAge
Anatoly Karpov1993–1999 Russia42–48
Alexander Khalifman1999–2000 Russia33
Viswanathan Anand2000–2002 India31–33
Ruslan Ponomariov2002–2004 Ukraine19–21
Rustam Kasimdzhanov2004–2005 Uzbekistan25
Vesselin Topalov2005–2006 Bulgaria30

[edit] Classical (PCA/Braingames) world champions 1993–2006

NameYearCountryAge
Garry Kasparov1993–2000 Russia30–37
Vladimir Kramnik2000–2006 Russia25–31

[edit] Undisputed world champions 2006–present

#NameYearCountryAge
14Vladimir Kramnik2006–2007 Russia31–32
15Viswanathan Anand2007–present India38–

[edit] World Champions by number of title match victories

The table below organises the world champions in order of championship wins, and is current through the World Chess Championship 2012. (For the purpose of this table, a successful defence counts as a win, even if the match was drawn.) The table is made more complicated by the split between the "Classical" and FIDE world titles between 1993 and 2006.
ChampionTotalUndisputedFIDEClassicalYears as championYears as undisputed champion
Emanuel Lasker662727
Garry Kasparov642158
Anatoly Karpov6331610
Mikhail Botvinnik551313
Viswanathan Anand54175
Alexander Alekhine441717
Wilhelm Steinitz4488
Vladimir Kramnik31271
Tigran Petrosian2266
José Raúl Capablanca1166
Boris Spassky1133
Bobby Fischer1133
Max Euwe1122
Vasily Smyslov1111
Mikhail Tal1111
Ruslan Ponomariov1120
Alexander Khalifman1110
Rustam Kasimdzhanov1110
Veselin Topalov1110

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